General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An uncommon understory herb of hammocks and pinelands.
Grown by a few native plant nurseries in south and central Florida.
Medium to large wildflower.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Southeastern Georgia south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; becoming rare in the southern parts of its range.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Hammocks and pinelands.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low to moderate; may tolerate some brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday