General Landscape Uses:
A delicate annual wildflower.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A frequent component of pineland communities, but a hemiparasite and thus difficult in cultivation. Direct seeding, however, may be a practical dispersal mechanism.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-4 feet in height. Generally taller than broad.
Widespread in the eastern and central United States south to Miami-Dade County; Greater Antilles.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet to mesic pinelands.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy or calcareous soils, without humus.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Pink to purple.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for common buckeye (Junonia coenia) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.