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Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass
Tripsacum dactyloides
Poaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Accent grass. Large groundcover in wet to moist areas.
Availability:
Widely cultivated.
Available at Indian Trails Native Nursery in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).
Description:
Large herbaceous grass.
Dimensions:
Typically 3-4 feet in height; to 6 feet when in flower. About as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Widespread in eastern and central North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Marshes, swamps and wet pinelands.
Soils:
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained sandy, organic, or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Anthers orange, stigma purple.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous caryopsis.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for clouded skipper (Lerema accius) and three-spotted skipper (Cymaenes tripunctus) butterflies. The fruits are eaten by birds.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.


 


Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley