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Wild mastic, False mastic
Sideroxylon foetidissimum
Sapotaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Specimen or shade tree in residential and commercial landscapes.
Availability:
Native plant nurseries.
Description:
Medium to large tree with an irregular, rounded crown. Trunks large, erect, buttressed at the base, to 3 feet in diameter. Bark brown to gray brown or reddish-brown, thick, broken into thick plates exposing inner bark. Leaves glossy, dark green to yellowish-green with a wavy margin, 2-6 inches long.
Dimensions:
Typically 30-60 feet in height; to 118 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north, mostly along the coasts, to Volusia and Manatee counties; West Indies and Mexico. Very rare in the middle and lower Monroe County Keys. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Greenish-yellow.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous but foul-smelling.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall; peak in summer.
Fruit:
Yellow-orange berry, about 1" long. Edible. Winter-summer.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed.
Comments:
The fruits are edible raw, but the latex is very sticky. The wood is used for ship building in the West Indies.


 


George D. Gann
Steve Woodmansee
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park
Don & Joyce Gann
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
George D. Gann
Shirley Denton