Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Low climbing herbaceous vine.
N/A; a vine with stems to 6 feet or more in length.
Eastern North America west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys and very rare or absent in the middle Keys.
Forest edges, pinelands and prairies.
Wet to moist, moderately-drained sandy, limestone, or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Semi-showy, but quickly turns ratty.
Inconspicuous achene. All year.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Sometimes a larval host for little metalmark (Calephelis virginiensis) butterflies. Nectar plant for little metalmark butterflies.
Can be grown from seed. Sprinkle on surface of soil.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.