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False-mint, Sixangle foldwing
Dicliptera sexangularis
Acanthaceae
 

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes: Most common as an understory herb along the coast on the margins of hammocks and tidal swamps.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Erect, medium to large annual herb with 6-angled stems and opposite leaves.

Dimensions: Typically 1-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Florida from the Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia and Levy counties; disjunct in Calhoun County; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Coastal hammocks and thickets.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: Red.

Flower Characteristics: Showy tubular flowers, about 1" long.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous green to brown capsule.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for Cuban crescent (Phyciodes frisia) butterflies. Nectar plant for large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe) and other butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Easily grown from seeds or cuttings.

Comments: Recruits readily from seed in the garden and can become quite weedy in disturbed areas.


Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Chuck McCartney, 1992
Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley


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