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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Vachellia macracantha (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger

Vachellia macracantha
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Family: Fabaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America (Panama) and South America.

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Presumed Extirpated or Extinct in the Wild

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Presumed Extirpated

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: Ranked as possibly extirpated in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002; pp 111-112) based on several collections and observations between 1952 and 1966 from Vaca Key and Ramrod Key in the lower Florida Keys. No new records are known. Plants from tropical American germplasm are cultivated on the mainland at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden and elsewhere, and this has been reported as sparingly naturalized in Miami-Dade (Isely 1990) and Manatee counties (Wunderlin 1998, Wunderlin & Hansen 2011).

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For more images, click on the USDA PLANTS and Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants links below. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Synonyms: Acacia macracantha.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Possibly Extirpated

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Possibly Extirpated

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Possibly Extirpated

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Not reported for the Florida Keys by John Kunkel Small in 1913. First collected in 1952 on Vaca Key by Ellsworth P. Killip (42009, NY). Scurlock (1987) last reported this as extant in the Florida Keys. For more information, see IRC's species account.

Other data on Vachellia macracantha available from :

Vachellia macracantha has been reported for the following 2 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Coastal Berm
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Vachellia macracantha
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Vachellia macracantha
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Vachellia macracantha
Copyright by: George D. Gann
Cultivated plant at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden