South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
NatureServe Global Status:
State of Florida Status:
Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status:
IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status:
Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida
SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence:
SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status:
South Florida History and Distribution:
This is extremely rare in South Florida and currently known only from Everglades National Park, where it is declining (see e.g., Borrero et al. 2023
). It was petitioned
for federal listing by the Center for Biological Diversity in 2010. In 2020, the US Fish and Wildlife Service determined
that federal listing was not warranted.
SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status:
See also the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Species Profile
, IRC’s report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park
(Gann 2015; 115), and Florida Natural Areas Inventory's Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Florida
page (Chafin 2000).
FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence:
A Doubtfull Record
Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys
Florida Keys History and Distribution:
Not reported for the Florida Keys by John Kunkel Small in 1913. Reported only for Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park (Anon, s.n.; Anon, 1983; Florida Park Service, 1997). This species is only known from a very restricted range on the South Florida mainland. Possibly the Lignumvitae Key reports referred to cultivated plants.