Help us maintain this website and keep it free and open for our community of scientists, students, and conservation managers, who depend on it to obtain the most up to date information. Help us save species and restore native ecosystems!

Close

Chernoff Hammock
County: Miami-Dade County
Latitude: 25.613164º Longitude: -80.444546º
Managing Agency: Miami-Dade County

There are 91 taxa reported for
Chernoff Hammock

Group By Family:

Scientific Name: Occurrence: Native Status: Introduced Status: Invasive Status: Cultivated Status: Reference: Voucher:
Details
Scientific Name: Abildgaardia ovata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Abildgaardia ovata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Acalypha chamaedrifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Acalypha chamaedrifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Alvaradoa amorphoides
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Alvaradoa amorphoides
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Anemia adiantifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Anemia adiantifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Averrhoa carambola
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Not Invasive
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Averrhoa carambola
Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Ayenia euphrasiifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Ayenia euphrasiifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Bidens alba var. radiata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Bidens alba var. radiata
Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Bourreria cassinifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Bourreria cassinifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Bursera simaruba
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Bursera simaruba
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Byrsonima lucida
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Byrsonima lucida
Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Callicarpa americana
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Callicarpa americana
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Chamaecrista nictitans var. aspera
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chiococca alba
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Chiococca alba
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chiococca parvifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Chiococca parvifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chromolaena odorata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Chromolaena odorata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chrysobalanus icaco
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Chrysobalanus icaco
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Coccoloba diversifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Coccoloba diversifolia
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Coccothrinax argentata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Coccothrinax argentata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Conoclinium coelestinum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Conoclinium coelestinum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Crotalaria pumila
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Crotalaria pumila
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Digitaria ciliaris
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Digitaria ciliaris
Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Diospyros digyna
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Diospyros digyna
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Dracaena fragrans
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Not Invasive
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Dracaena fragrans
Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Eugenia axillaris
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Eugenia axillaris
Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Euphorbia cyathophora
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Euphorbia cyathophora
Present Native Not Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Euphorbia graminea
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Euphorbia graminea
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Exothea paniculata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Exothea paniculata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Forestiera segregata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Forestiera segregata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Guettarda scabra
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Guettarda scabra
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Hamelia patens var. patens
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Hamelia patens var. patens
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Heliotropium angiospermum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Heliotropium angiospermum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Heteropterys brachiata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Heteropterys brachiata
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Ilex krugiana
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Ilex krugiana
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Ipomoea indica
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Ipomoea indica
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Jasminum dichotomum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Jasminum dichotomum
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Jasminum fluminense
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Jasminum fluminense
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Lysiloma latisiliquum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Lysiloma latisiliquum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Melinis repens
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Melinis repens
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Metopium toxiferum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Metopium toxiferum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Momordica charantia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Momordica charantia
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Morinda royoc
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Morinda royoc
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Myrcianthes fragrans
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Myrcianthes fragrans
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Myrsine cubana
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Myrsine cubana
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Nephrolepis cordifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Nephrolepis cordifolia
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Nephrolepis exaltata
Occurrence: Possibly Extirpated
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Nephrolepis exaltata
Possibly Extirpated Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Neyraudia reynaudiana
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Neyraudia reynaudiana
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Panicum maximum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Panicum maximum
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Passiflora suberosa
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Passiflora suberosa
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Not Invasive
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Phlebodium aureum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Phlebodium aureum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Phyllanthus pentaphyllus var. floridanus
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Phyllanthus pentaphyllus var. floridanus
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Pinus elliottii var. densa
Occurrence: Presumed Extirpated
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Pinus elliottii var. densa
Presumed Extirpated Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Pisonia aculeata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Pisonia aculeata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Prunus myrtifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Prunus myrtifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Prunus persica
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Not Invasive
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Prunus persica
Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Psilotum nudum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Psilotum nudum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Psychotria ligustrifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Not Invasive
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Psychotria ligustrifolia
Present Not Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Not Invasive Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Psychotria nervosa
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Psychotria nervosa
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Pteridium caudatum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Pteridium caudatum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Pteris vittata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Pteris vittata
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Ptychosperma elegans
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Ptychosperma elegans
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Quercus virginiana
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Quercus virginiana
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Randia aculeata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Randia aculeata
Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Rhynchospora floridensis
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Rhynchospora floridensis
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Rivina humilis
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Rivina humilis
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Sabal palmetto
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Sabal palmetto
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Schefflera actinophylla
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Schefflera actinophylla
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Schinus terebinthifolius
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Schinus terebinthifolius
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Senna ligustrina
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Senna ligustrina
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Serenoa repens
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Serenoa repens
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Sideroxylon salicifolium
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Sideroxylon salicifolium
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Simarouba glauca
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Simarouba glauca
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Smilax auriculata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Smilax auriculata
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Smilax bona-nox
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Smilax bona-nox
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Solanum erianthum
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Solanum erianthum
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Spermacoce verticillata
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Spermacoce verticillata
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Sporobolus pyramidalis
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Terminalia buceras
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Cultivated Status: Assumed to be Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Terminalia buceras
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive Assumed to be Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Tetrazygia bicolor
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Tetrazygia bicolor
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Trema micrantha
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Trema micrantha
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Turnera ulmifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Ruderal
Reference Number: 52076
Turnera ulmifolia
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Ruderal 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Vitis rotundifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Reference Number: 52076
Vitis rotundifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Youngia japonica
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Youngia japonica
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Zamia furfuracea
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized
Introduced Status: Introduced
Invasive Status: Invasive
Reference Number: 52076
Zamia furfuracea
Present Not Native, Naturalized Introduced Invasive 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Zamia integrifolia
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Zamia integrifolia
Present Native Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076
Details
Scientific Name: Zanthoxylum fagara
Occurrence: Present
Native Status: Native, Cultivated Only
Introduced Status: Not Introduced
Invasive Status: Native
Cultivated Status: Cultivated
Reference Number: 52076
Zanthoxylum fagara
Present Native, Cultivated Only Not Introduced Native Cultivated 52076


References for Chernoff Hammock:
Possley, J. 2012. Observations of Vascular Plants at Chernoff Hammock, Miami-Dade County, Florida. 30 March 2012.
Rodriguez, C. & J. Possley. 2006. Observations of Chernoff Hammock, Miami-Dade County, Florida. 9 December, 2006.