Help us maintain this website and keep it free and open for our community of scientists, students, and conservation managers, who depend on it to obtain the most up to date information. Help us save species and restore native ecosystems!

Please scroll to the bottom for more images.
Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. var. viscosa
Varnishleaf, Florida hopbush

Dodonaea viscosa
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Family: Sapindaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Old World tropics. In peninsular Florida, rare along the east coast to Brevard County, and then apparently disjunct from Sarasota to Hillsborough on the west coast. Plants from Pinellas and Hernando County are also likely this taxon, although plants in Hernando County represent a distinct form with long, narrow leaves (= f. schiedeana).

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Apparently Secure

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images. Many authors also place D. viscosa var. angustifolia into synonymy under D. viscosa. Both taxa are present in South Florida. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map of D. viscosa sensu lato, visit the Exploring Florida website. Native populations in the Florida Keys are D. elaeagnoides except on Sands Key in Biscayne National Park; on the east coast plants of D. viscosa var. viscosa are found scattered from Sands Key in Miami-Dade County north to Brevard County, while D. viscosa var. angustifolia, the most widespread taxon, is found near or along the coast from Martin County to Anastasia Island in St. Johns County, in the interior, and along the southwestern coast north to at least Sarasota County.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Not reported for the Florida Keys by John Kunkel Small in 1913. Known as native only from one small station on Sands Key in the upper Keys, where extant and assumed native. Cutivated and naturalizing elsewhere in the Florida Keys.

Other data on Dodonaea viscosa var. viscosa available from :

Dodonaea viscosa var. viscosa has been reported from the following 3 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Not Native, Cultivated Only

Dodonaea viscosa var. viscosa has been reported for the following habitat in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Disturbed Upland

All Images:

Dodonaea viscosa
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Dodonaea viscosa
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Dodonaea viscosa
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2016
In habitat, Piñones State Forest, Loíza, Puerto Rico, Enlarge