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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Crossopetalum ilicifolium (Poir.) Kuntze
Quailberry, Christmasberry

Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Family: Celastraceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Cuba, Bahamas, Hispaniola).

NatureServe Global Status: Rare

State of Florida Status: Threatened

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Rare

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: This is rare in South Florida and is primarily know from the Miami Rock Ridge and the Florida Keys. It is frequent in remnant pine rockland fragments on the Miami Rock Ridge. Using modern NatureServe criteria, we re-ranked this as Imperiled in South Florida in July, 2018.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

Synonyms: Rhacoma ilicifolia.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for pinelands in the lower Keys.  Also reported for North Key Largo in the upper Keys by Alexander (1953) and others.  We consider this native and extant in the upper Keys (Key Largo) and the lower Keys.

Other data on Crossopetalum ilicifolium available from :

Crossopetalum ilicifolium has been reported from the following 5 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Bahia Honda State Park Reported
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Recorded as Present in Error
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Reported

Crossopetalum ilicifolium has been reported for the following 2 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Pine Rockland
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley