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Varronia bahamensis (Urb.) Millsp.
Bahama manjack, Bahama geiger

Varronia bahamensis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Boraginaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the Bahamas (cited for Cuba and Anegada by various sources but excluded there by the Flora of the West Indies).

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: Ranked as presumed extirpated in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002; pp 73-74) based on a single collection and several observations in the vicinity of Florida City Pineland in 1979, but likely destroyed there by construction of a government complex. Subsequently cultivated at the northwest corner of the Florida City Pineland by Miami-Dade County, presumably from Bahamian germplasm. Rediscovered in the wild in 2021 by IRC Ecological Restoration Team Leader Alex Seasholtz at the Moreno Pineland near SW 222nd Street and 137th Avenue in Miami-Dade County. A single clump was found growing out of undegraded oolitic limestone.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Synonyms: Cordia bahamensis.

Other data on Varronia bahamensis available from :

Varronia bahamensis has been found in the following 2 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Florida City Pineland Present Native, presumed Extirpated, now Cultivated Only
Moreno Pine Rockland Present Native

Varronia bahamensis has been found in the following county :
Occurrence Native Status
Miami-Dade County Native

Varronia bahamensis has been found in the following habitat :
Pine Rockland

All Images:

Varronia bahamensis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer
Varronia bahamensis
Copyright by: Alex Seasholtz, 2021.