Help us maintain this website and keep it free and open for our community of scientists, students, and conservation managers, who depend on it to obtain the most up to date information. Help us save species and restore native ecosystems!


Please scroll to the bottom for more images.
Cupania glabra Sw.
American toadwood

Family: Sapindaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

NatureServe Global Status: Apparently Secure

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: Ranked as critically imperiled in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002; pp 191-193) based on three occurrences in Monroe County, two in conservation areas (National Key Deer Refuge, Great While Heron National Wildlife Refuge) and one in a non-conservation areas (Cupania Hammock), the latter which has been partially acquired by Monroe County. A survey for this in the Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge is needed.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: See also Florida Natural Areas Inventory's Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Florida page (Chafin 2000).

Other data on Cupania glabra available from :

Cupania glabra has been found in the following 3 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Bill Sadowski Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Assumed to be Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native

Cupania glabra has been found in the following 2 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Miami-Dade County Not Native, Naturalized
Monroe County (Keys) Native

Cupania glabra has been found in the following habitat :
Rockland Hammock