Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass
Tripsacum dactyloides
Poaceae


Landscape Uses:

Accent grass. Large groundcover in wet to moist areas.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Description:
Large herbaceous grass.
Height:
Typically 3-4 feet in height; to 6 feet when in flower. About as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Widespread in eastern and central North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Marshes, swamps and wet pinelands.
Soils:
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained sandy, organic, or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Anthers orange, stigma purple.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous caryopsis.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for clouded skipper (Lerema accius) and three-spotted skipper (Cymaenes tripunctus) butterflies. The fruits are eaten by birds.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.
Comments:
See a 2019 post on the Treasure Coast Natives blog on Fakahatchee Grass (Eatern Gama Grass) and it relation to corn.


Keith A. Bradley
Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton