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Southern wild-rice, Giant cut-grass
Zizaniopsis miliacea
Poaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet butterfly gardens.
Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Description:
Large erect herbaceous grass.
Dimensions:
To 8-10 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming patches.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Eastern and central United States and scattered in Florida south to Broward and Collier counties; Veracruz, Mexico.
Habitats:
Swamps and marshes.
Soils:
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
Nutritional Requirements:
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Brownish inflorescence.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
Spring-summer.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous caryopsis.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for clouded skipper (Lerema accius) and least skipper (Analoxypha numitor) butterflies.


 


Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
Susan Trammell