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Everglades key pencilflower
Stylosanthes calcicola
Fabaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Small creeping herb.

Dimensions: About 3-6 inches tall. Spreading and forming small open patches broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; West Indies, Mexico and Guatemala. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Marl prairies and pine rocklands.

Soils: Moist to seasonally wet, moderately well-drained marl soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Yellow.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Jointed pod (legume), with 1 fertile seed and a hooked tip.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for barred yellow (Eurema daira) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

Comments: It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. For more information, visit our
Floristic Inventory of South Florida Database Online.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer


Other data on Stylosanthes calcicola available from:



 
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