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Sugarcane plumegrass
Saccharum giganteum
Poaceae
 

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Large herbaceous grass.

Dimensions: Typically 3-6 feet in height; to 10 feet when in flower. Usually taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Eastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Marshes and marl prairies.

Soils: Wet to moist, poorly drained to moderately well-drained sandy or calcareous soils, with or without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Brownish inflorescence.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy inflorescence.

Flowering Season: Fall.

Fruit: Inconspicuous caryopsis.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for clouded skipper (Lerema accius) butterflies.


Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley


Other data on Saccharum giganteum available from:



 
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