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Sugarcane plumegrass
Saccharum giganteum
Poaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Description:
Large herbaceous grass.
Dimensions:
Typically 3-6 feet in height; to 10 feet when in flower. Usually taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Eastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba.
Habitats:
Marshes and marl prairies.
Soils:
Wet to moist, poorly drained to moderately well-drained sandy or calcareous soils, with or without humus.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Brownish inflorescence.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy inflorescence.
Flowering Season:
Fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous caryopsis.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for clouded skipper (Lerema accius) butterflies.


 


Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley