General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and rock gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
It can be used as one of many understory herbs in pine rocklands.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small herbaceous wildflower.
About 4-8 inches in height. Spreading or erect, but often as broad as tall.
Endemic from the Monroe County Keys north to Miami-Dade and Collier counties, and very rare or extirpated in Broward, Lee and Charlotte counties. Common in the pine rocklands of Miami-Dade County. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key. In Broward County, recorded only from Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Blue or rarely pink.
Showy, 1 to 1 1/2" wide.
Inconspicuous green capsule.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds. Possible larval host plant
for the common buckeye (Junonia coenia
) and the introduced malachite (Siproeta stelenes) butterflies.
Can be grown from seeds, cuttings and divisions.
The leaves are sometimes reddish purple. It will spread from seed in the garden, but is not aggressive.