Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-2 feet in height; to 4 feet when in flower. As broad as tall except when in flower.
Widespread in eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Presumed extirpated in Miami-Dade County. Very rare or extirpated in Broward County; collected twice west of Deerfield Beach and last reported from the Indian Trace Water Management Basin in 1989.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy or calcareous soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
A pair of inconspicuous carpels pendent from a supporting axis.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2013. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.