Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional or even rare element in hammocks along the coast and on the Miami Rock Ridge.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium erect tree with small ascending branches. Bark reddish to light brown. Leaves thin, firm, shiny dark green above, 3-4 inches long.
Typically 20-30 feet in height; to 31 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Slow to moderate.
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Brevard and Collier counties; Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Mexico and Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.
Bright red fuzzy drupe. Summer.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for Florida white (Appias drusilla) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
Closely resembles lancewood (Ocotea coriacea), but the bark is much lighter in color and the leaves are not fragrant when crushed. It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.
George D. Gann in habitat, Dominican Republic, 2011
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.