Medium shrub with erect branches. Leaves narrow, about 2-4 inches long.
About 3-6 feet in height. Usually taller than broad, except when recovering from fire.
Miami-Dade County north to Martin and Charlotte counties; Greater Antilles, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Old World. Somewhat rare and scattered in South Florida. In Miami-Dade County, it is know only from Long Pine Key in Everglades National Park northeast along the Miami Rock Ridge to the Richmond Pine Rocklands; in Broward County, it was perhaps never present or is extirpated; in Palm Beach and Martin counties it is know from the Pal-Mar area in the interior; also in Martin it is known from the Hobe Sound area; it is more common in the Big Cypress National Preserve in Collier County and then on the barrier islands of Lee County; it was collected once in the Charlotte Harbor area bewteen 1938 and 1953 by John L. Blodgett.
Pinelands and coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained to periodically inundated freshwater soils.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Inconspicuous. Predominately dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants.
Winged capsule; green to pinkish.
Can be grown from seed. Capsules can be smashed or placed into a dry blender to separate the seed. Plant in container with 2" or more light potting soil. Place in the full sun.
Keith A. Bradley
George D. Gann in habitat, Dominican Republic, 2011
Keith A. Bradley
George D. Gann
George D. Gann in habitat, Everglades National Park, 2012
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2013. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.