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Partridge pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Fabaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

An occasional understory herb in pinelands and coastal uplands.
Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Description:
Medium annual herbaceous wildflower.
Dimensions:
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Sometimes as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Fast. An annual or short-lived perennial.
Range:
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Habitats:
Pinelands and coastal uplands.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Yellow petals; yellow anthers.
Flower Characteristics:
Showy.
Flowering Season:
Spring-summer.
Fruit:
Flat pod (legume).
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds. Larval host plant for ceraunus blue (Hemiargus ceraunus), cloudless sulphur (Phoebis sennae), little yellow (Eurema lisa) and gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed. Plant in a pot with 2" or more of potting soil and spinkle soil over seeds to just cover them. Place in full sun or light shade. Keep moist.
Comments:
Distinguished from Deering partridge pea (C. deeringiana) by its yellow (vs. red) anthers.


 


Keith A. Bradley
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton