Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens in saline areas along the coasts.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common element of salt marshes and openings in tidal swamps.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium succulent shrub with spreading branches, or prostrate shrub, rooting at the branch tips and covering large areas. Leaves smooth, pale green, succulent, scented when crushed.
Typically 2-4 feet in height. Spreading and much broader than tall.
Southern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Wet, inundated to periodically innundated brackish or saline soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
High; tolerates flooding by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.
Green, fleshy, cylindrical berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste) butterflies, and possibly larval host for eastern pygmy-blue (Brephidium isophthalma) butterflies. Nectar plant for eastern pygmy-blue and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed, ground layering and division.
This is a pioneer plant of salt marshes tha can tolerate very high levels of salt in the soil. It can be eaten as a salad herb, but the leaves are very salty.
Roger L. Hammer
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.